Therefore, the battle embittered relations between the two antagonistic nations, whilst also perhaps providing a new departure in the type of warfare which England had hitherto employed. Henty wrote a novel about this time period titled In Freedom's Cause: The lack of a clear heir led to a period known as the "Great Cause", with several families laying claim to the throne. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stability.
Before the process could begin, he insisted that all of the contenders recognise him as Lord Paramount of Scotland. Not much is known about him beyond his military campaign of —, and the last few weeks of his life in The heir to the throne was Alexander's granddaughter, Margaret, Maid of Norway. In the Wallace Monument was erected, very close to the site of his victory at Stirling Bridge. There is no contemporary evidence linking him with either location, although both areas had connections with the wider Wallace family. There is a surviving letter from the French king dated 7 November to his envoys in Rome demanding that they should help Sir William. Gaps in the schiltrons soon appeared, and the English exploited these to crush the remaining resistance. Wallace used the Ettrick Forest as a base for raiding, and attacked Wishart 's palace at Ancrum. Thus, the Scots won a significant victory, boosting the confidence of their army. Harry wrote from oral tradition describing events years earlier, and is not in any sense an authoritative descriptor of Wallace's exploits. In July, while planning a return to Edinburgh for supplies, Edward received intelligence that the Scots were encamped nearby at Falkirk, and he moved quickly to engage them in the pitched battle he had long hoped for. Historiography of Wallace The Wallace Monument , near Stirling Bridge Although there are problems with writing a satisfactory biography of many medieval people, the problems with Wallace are greater than usual. John renounced his homage in March and by the end of the month Edward stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then-Scottish border town. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Much of the poem is clearly at variance with known historical facts and records of the period and is either fabricated using traditional chivalric motifs or 'borrowed' from the exploits of others and attributed to Wallace. Wallace and Moray met and joined their forces, possibly at the siege of Dundee in early September. In popular culture Film A well-known account of Wallace's life is presented in the film Braveheart , directed by and starring Mel Gibson as Wallace, written by Randall Wallace , and filmed in Scotland and Ireland. In early November , at a great feudal court held in the castle at Berwick-upon-Tweed , judgment was given in favour of John Balliol having the strongest claim in law. Wallace and Moray were not involved, and continued their rebellions. He responded to the treason charge, "I could not be a traitor to Edward, for I was never his subject. This was one of several rebellions taking place across Scotland, including those of several Scottish nobles and Andrew Moray in the north. His limbs were displayed, separately, in Newcastle , Berwick , Stirling , and Perth. The English quartermasters' failure to prepare for the expedition left morale and food supplies low, and a resulting riot within Edward's own army had to be put down by his cavalry. Edward proceeded to reverse the rulings of the Scottish Lords and even summoned King John Balliol to stand before the English court as a common plaintiff. On 19 March , however, Alexander died after falling from his horse. Although vastly outnumbered, the Scottish army routed the English army. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stability.
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