This era came to an end in May with the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge. The city won the lawsuit in , and the land was transferred as open space to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. A boat could sail there in under half an hour, but wagons and carriages required an arduous skirting of the entire bay, a journey that could well exceed a hundred miles. Indigenous culture[ edit ] Sausalito was once the site of a Coast Miwok settlement known as Liwanelowa.
Highway , and a large influx of automobile traffic, often parked or idling in long queues, became a dominant characteristic of the town. Marinship the California Supreme Court held that African Americans could not be excluded from jobs based on their race, even if the employer took no discriminatory actions. African American workers could join an auxiliary of the union, which offered access to fewer jobs at lower pay. Fishing village and sybaritic enclave[ edit ] In the post-Gold Rush era, Sausalito's unusual location became a key factor in its formation as a community. A boat could sail there in under half an hour, but wagons and carriages required an arduous skirting of the entire bay, a journey that could well exceed a hundred miles. An English mariner who had picked up a fluency in Spanish during his travels, he quickly became an influential presence in the now-Mexican territory. Future US Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall successfully argued the case, winning a ruling that the union be required to offer equal membership to African Americans. This long fight pitted the waterfront against the "Hill People" or the rich on the hill looking down on the water front. Because of its location facing the Golden Gate and isolated from San Francisco by the same waterway, it was also a favorite landing spot for rum runners. When a military garrison now the Presidio of San Francisco and a Franciscan mission Mission Dolores were founded the following year, they were situated on the opposite, southern shore of the bay, where no portage was necessary for overland traffic to and from Monterey , the regional capitol. Richardson temporarily abandoned his claim and settled instead outside the Presidio, building the first permanent civilian home and laying out the street plan for the pueblo of Yerba Buena present-day San Francisco. Northwestern Pacific also closed its Sausalito terminal in March , although some tracks remained in use as "spur tracks" for freight trains as late as Northwestern Pacific commuter train service also expanded to serve the increased traffic volume, and Sausalito became known primarily as a transportation hub. Beginning in the s, an intense struggle erupted between house boat residents and developers dubbed the "House Boat Wars". Few of these buildings remain. The crew of the San Carlos came ashore soon after, reporting friendly natives and teeming populations of deer, elk, bear, sea lions, seals and otters. Richardson , who arrived in Upper California in , shortly after Mexico had won its independence from Spain. William Richardson — , an English-born Mexican citizen, first claimed and developed the site of Sausalito as a private rancho. The thousands of laborers who worked here were largely housed in a nearby community constructed for them called Marin City. The Marinship Shipyards were the site of incidents that provided a key early milestone in the civil rights movement. In the case of Joseph James, on whose behalf the suit was brought, the local Boilermakers Union excluded Blacks from membership and had a "closed shop" contract, forbidding the shipbuilder from employing anyone who was not a member of the union. Barracks and other housing were constructed for soldiers. As historian Jack Tracy has observed, "Their dwellings on the site of Sausalito were explored and mapped in , nearly a century and a half later, by an archaeological survey. The development of the area began at the instigation of William A. The bridge made large-scale ferry operations redundant, and since the new route of Highway bypassed Sausalito entirely, in-town traffic was quickly reduced to a trickle.
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